How Credit Scores Impact Kentucky FHA Loan Down Payment Requirements
Kentucky Home Buyers credit scores are one of the largest factors in determining the amount of a down payment for an FHA loan. A credit score of 580 or higher, 3.5 percent is the minimum required for a down payment. Anyone with a credit score of 500 to 579 will have to save 10 percent for a down payment to obtain an FHA loan.
What Are Mortgage Insurance Requirements on Kentucky FHA Loans?
FHA loans are required to pay mortgage insurance premiums, often known as upfront mortgage insurance premiums and monthly annual premiums.
Upfront mortgage insurance premium: 1.75 percent of the loan amount and is paid when the borrower gets the loan. The premium can be rolled into the mortgage.
Annual mortgage insurance premium: 0.45 percent to 1.05 percent, depending on the term of the loan (15 years vs. 30 years), the loan amount and the initial loan-to-value ratio, or LTV. This premium amount is divided by 12 and paid monthly.
For a homeowner who borrows $150,000, this means the upfront mortgage insurance premium would be $2,625 and your annual premium would range from $675 ($56.25 per month) to $1,575 ($131.25 per month), depending on the length of the mortgage.
Unlike traditional mortgage insurance premiums, homeowners are required to pay FHA premiums for the entire term of the mortgage. The only time you can stop paying them is to refinance into a non-FHA loan or to sell the house.
Down Payment Gifts and Rules for Kentucky FHA Loans Kentucky borrowers choose an FHA loan can receive money as a gift to help towards the total amount of the down payment.
There are several rules that homeowners need to keep in mind. Giftscan come from friends, family members, labor unions and employers, according to data from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
Even non-profit organizations can provide money for a contribution toward a down payment.
In addition, each state offers various assistance programs for down payments for both FHA buyers in Kentucky lacking the down payment.
FHA, VA, USDA and Fannie Mae loan requirements Kentucky
Kentucky Mortgage Requirements for FHA, VA, USDA and Fannie Mae
Getting a FHA loan in Kentucky in 2020 you will be confronted with minimum credit score requirements set forth by FHA and the lender. Even though FHA will insure the mortgage loan at a certain credit score, you will see that lenders will create “credit-overlays” to protect their risk and ask for a higher credit score.
So keep in mind when you are getting an FHA loan in 2020 some lenders will have higher credit score minimums in addition to the FHA Mortgage Insurance program.
For a Kentucky Homebuyer wanting to purchase a home or refinance their existing FHA loan, FHA requires a 3.5% down payment and the borrower must have a 580 FICO Credit Score. If the score is below 580, then you would need 10% down and still qualify on a manual underwrite.
You must have a FICO score of at least 500 to be eligible for a Kentucky FHA loan. If your FICO score is from 500 to 579, your down payment on the loan is 10 percent of the loan.
If your FICO score is 580 or higher, your down payment is only 3.5 percent. If your credit score is less than 580, it may be more cost-effective to take the necessary steps to improve your score before taking out the loan, rather than putting the money into a larger down payment.
How do they get the credit score: There are three main credit bureaus in the US. Equifax, Experian, and Transunion. The three scores vary but should be relatively close as long as the same creditors are reporting to the same bureaus.
You will get a variation in the scores due to all creditors or collection companies don’t report to all three bureaus. This is why they take the mid score. So if you have a 590 Experian, 680 Equifax, and 620 TransUnion, your qualifying credit score would be 620
Based on my experience with lenders that I deal with in Kentucky on FHA loans, most lenders require 620 middle credit score for consideration for loan approval.
How do they get the score: They take the mid score, so if you have a 590 Experian, 680 Equifax, and 620 TransUnion, your qualifying score would be 620.
If your score is below 620, a manual underwrite is where the AUS (Automated Underwriting System) refers your loan to a human being, and they look at the entire file to see if they can overturn and approve the mortgage loan because the Desktop Underwriting Automated Software could not approve you.
With scores below 620, they typically will want to verify your rent history, have no bankruptcies in the last two years, and no foreclosures in the last 3 years.
If you have had any lates since the bankruptcy this will probably result in a denial on a refer manual underwrite file.
Your max house payment will be set at 31% of your gross monthly income, and your new house payment plus the bills you are paying on the credit report cannot be more than 43%.
Typically, on scores below 620 for FHA loans, they will also look at reserves or money you have saved up after the loan is made to try and qualify you. For example, if you have a 401k or savings account that has at least 4 months reserves (take your mortgage payment x 4) and this would equal your reserves. They look at this as a rainy day fund and could help you keep up on your bills if you were unemployed or could not work.
If you are looking to take a FHA loan in 2020 to buy or refinance a home in Kentucky, please contact me below with your questions about the credit score requirements and how they affect your loan approval.
The first thing to keep in mind is that qualifying for a mortgage involves a lot more than just a credit score. While your FICO score is a very important ingredient, it is just one factor. Lenders also look at your income and level of debt, among other things.
A FICO score between 600 and 640 is considered fair to good credit. But keep in mind, this range of credit scores does not guarantee you will qualify for a mortgage, and if you do qualify, it won’t get you the lowest interest rate possible. Still, to buy a home aim for a score of at least 620, recognizing that other factors weigh in the decision and that some banks may require a higher score.
What credit score do you need to get a low rate mortgage?
It uses to be that a score of about 720 would yield the lowest mortgage rates available. Today, the best rates kick in with a FICO score of 760. And interest rates go up significantly as your credit score drops. To give you an idea, the following table shows current rates by credit score and calculates a monthly principal and interest payment based on a $300,000 loan:
lenders will pull what they call a “tri-merge” credit report which will show three different fico scores from Transunion, Equifax, and Experian. The lenders will throw out the high and low scores and take the “middle score.” For example, if you had a 614, 610, and 629 score from the three main credit bureaus, your qualifying score would be 614.
So if you only have one score, you may not qualify. Lenders will have to pull their own credit report and scores so if you had it ran somewhere else or saw it on a website or credit card you may own, it will not matter to the lender, because they have to use their own credit report and scores.
Lastly, lenders will pull your credit report for free nowadays so this should not be a big deal as long as your scores are high enough.
offered by FHA, VA, USDA, Fannie Mae, and KHC all have their minimum fico score requirements and lenders will create overlays in addition to what the Government agencies will accept, so even if on paper FHA says they will go down to 580 or 500 in some cases on fico scores, very few lenders will go below the 620 threshold.
If you have low fico scores it may make sense to check around with different lenders to see what their minimum fico scores are for loans.
The lenders I currently deal with have the following fico cutoffs for credit scores:
As you can see, different government-backed loan programs have different minimum score requirements with most lenders for an FHA, VA, or Fannie Mae loan, and 620 is required for the no down payment programs offered by USDA and KHC in Kentucky for First Time Home Buyers wanting to go no money down.
The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only. The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines. This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people. NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). USDA Mortgage loans only offered in Kentucky.
All loans and lines are subject to credit approval, verification, and collateral evaluation
Two weeks ago, the FHA took steps to limit risk to its single-family portfolio, announcing that it will flag some loans for manual underwriting. FHA’s Chief Risk Officer Keith Becker told the WSJ just how many loans the agency thinks will be affected, adding that the FHA felt that it was appropriate to take some steps to mitigate the risks we’re seeing.
Two weeks ago, the Federal Housing Administration took steps to mitigate risks to its single-family portfolio, announcing updates to its TOTAL Mortgage Scorecard that will flag some loans for manual underwriting.
The move upset a number of lenders who feared that some of their borrowers would be shut out of FHA financing and that borrowers who began the process but no longer qualified under new guidelines would be angry.
Turns out, their fears have some merit.
An FHA official told The Wall Street Journal that approximately 40,000 to 50,000 loans a year will likely be affected, which amounts to about 4-5% to all the mortgages the FHA insures on an annual basis.
“We have continued to endorse loans with more and more credit risk,” said FHA’s Chief Risk Officer Keith Becker. “We felt that it was appropriate to take some steps to mitigate the risks we’re seeing.”
The WSJ points out that the move is a complete reversal of the agency’s 2016 decision to loosen underwriting standards, nixing an old rule that required manual underwriting for loans with credit scores below 620 and a debt-to-income ratio above 43%.
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But the agency’s annual report to Congress released in November revealed risk trends that threatened to drain the program, among them a significant increase in cash-out refinances, a drop in average borrower credit score, and a jump in borrowers with high DTIs.
Requiring manual underwriting for riskier loans is intended to curb these risks, and there’s a good chance a number of borrowers will no longer qualify.
According to Becker, it’s likely that many of the loans flagged for manual underwriting won’t end up passing muster.
Kentucky FHA Loan Changes for FICO Scores and Credit Scores for 2019
Last week, the Federal Housing Administration took steps to mitigate risks to its single-family portfolio, announcing updates to its TOTAL Mortgage Scorecard that may flag some loans for manual underwriting.
The change applies to all loans with case numbers assigned on or after March 18th, meaning that it is likely to affect some of the loans currently sitting in an FHA lender’s pipeline.
Chatter among members of the lending community suggests a number of originators are unhappy about the changes, fearing that the end result may be that some of their borrowers will be shut out of FHA financing.
Some said the FHA did not go about implementing the changes the right way, creating confusion about how the risk is being mitigated, while others said they felt as if the rug had been pulled out from under them, and fear that borrowers who no longer qualify will be angry, according to email exchanges between lenders and mortgage brokers, shared with HousingWire.
For its part, the FHA said it is taking necessary steps to address some of the risk trends apparent in its single-family portfolio and flagged as concerning in its 2018 Report to Congress.
Specifically, FHA loans have seen a substantial increase in cash-out refinances, a drop in the average borrower credit score, and an increase in borrowers with high debt-to-income ratios.
In its letter about the Scorecard updates, the FHA said that the number of FHA refinances that are cash-outs increased 60% in 2018, and that almost a quarter of all FHA loans in 2018 had a DTI ratio above 50%.
The average credit scores for FHA borrowers has also declined, falling to 670 in 2018 – the lowest average since 2008.
Combined, these factors are signaling untenable risk for the agency as they flag the potential for the program to drain the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund.
“Federal Housing Commissioner Montgomery has publicly stated numerous times in recent months that FHA must seek the right balance between managing risk and fulfilling its mission of supporting sustainable home-ownership,” the FHA said in its letter.
“To be successful long term, FHA must maintain the integrity of its insurance endorsements,” it continued. “This includes assessing the causes of the increase in higher-risk credit characteristics in the portfolio and making prudent and necessary changes to re calibrate and adjust its policies as warranted to manage credit risk.”
The agency said the updates to its Scorecard are just the first step it will be taking to address these risk factors.
“FHA will carefully monitor the impact of this change and is preparing to implement additional changes to maintain a better balance of managing risk and fulfilling its mission,” the agency stated.
I can answer your questions and usually get you pre-approved the same day. Call or Text me at 502-905-3708 with your mortgage questions. Email Kentuckyloan@gmail.com