Student Loans In Collections, What Can I Do to get Approved For A Kentucky Mortgage ?

Student Loans In Collections, What Can I Do?
If you have public student loans in collections, you really have three options to resolve it so it is not a CAIVRS issue.
1.      Pay it off in full – Not typically an option because very rarely do the clients have the funds to do so.
2.      Consolidation – Only takes about 90 days to consolidate and resolve CAIVRS issues. However, you push forward the last activity dates, DLA, and also introduce a new credit trade line that dilutes the length of the credit history. So you will normally see a drop in credit score.
3.      Rehabilitation – It is the slowest of all the options, but is the best thing for the clients’ credit scores. It is a 9 month commitment and once the client makes 9 consecutive payments, they will change the collection status to a good standing status. This will typically net a 40-100 point boost in the score depending on how many other collections are on the credit report.
If your client does not know who is servicing the student loan, they can contact the Student Loan Default Resolution Team at 1-800-621-3115 or visit the website at myeddebt.ed.gov
Bonus Tip: Private student loans do not adhere to consolidation or rehabilitation rules. If the client has private student loans in collections they will need to pay them off in full, or they will need to set up a payment plan on them. They will still remain in collections with a payment, but if you can get a qualified credit score you can push forward the loan including the liability payment towards the debt to income ratio.
As always, we bring you the best content so you can do what you do best, CLOSE LOANS! If you aren’t already sending us every credit challenged borrower you have, what is stopping you?
Guidelines for KY FHA, VA, USDA and VA Mortgage loans with Student Loans on A Credit Report:
Kentucky Fannie Mae or Conventional Guidelines for Student Loans:
  • If a monthly payment is on the credit report, the lender may use that amount for qualifying purposes.
  • If a monthly payment is on the credit report is incorrect, the lender may use the monthly payment on the most recent student loan statement
  • If the monthly payment on the credit report is zero, the lender must use one of the following options to calculate the payment for qualifying purposes
  1. Document the borrower is on an income driven payment plan and the actual monthly payment is zero
  2.  Use 1% of the outstanding student loan balance as the monthly payment
  3. Calculate a fully amortized payment using documented loan repayment terms
Kentucky FHA Mortgage Loans Guidelines:
Regardless of the payment status (currently in payment or deferred), the lender must use either:
  • The greater of:
  1. 1% of the outstanding balance; or
  2. The monthly payment reported on the credit; or
  •  Calculate a fully amortized payment using documented loan repayment terms
Kentucky USDA or Rural Housing Guidelines:
 
 
Regardless of the payment amount reporting on the credit, the lender must include the payment as follows:
  • A permanent amortized, fixed payment may be used in the debt ratio when the lender retains documentation to verify the payment is fixed, the interest rate is fixed, and the repayment term is fixed.
  • Payments for deferred loans, Income Based Repayment (IBR), Graduated, Adjustable, and other types of repayment agreements which are not fixed cannot be used in the total debt ratio calculation. One percent of the loan balance reflected on the credit report must be used as the monthly payment. No additional documentation is required.
Kentucky  VA Mortgage Guidelines for Student Loan:
  • If the borrower can document the student loan will be deferred 12 months from the closing date, the monthly payment does not need to be considered
  • If a student loan is in repayment or scheduled to begin repayment within 12 months from the closing date, the threshold payment amount must be calculated by  using 5% of the loan balance divided by 12 months
  • If the payment reporting on the credit report is greater than the threshold payment calculation amount, then the credit report payment must be used for ratios.
  • If the payment reporting on the credit report is less than the threshold payment calculation and the lender is using the lower payment to qualify the borrower then:
  1. A statement from the student loan servicer reflecting the actual loan terms and payment information must be included in the file.
  2. The statement must be dated within 60 days of closing
  3. It is the underwriter’s discretion to use the lower payment

As you can see, Fannie Mae or Conventional loans is the most lenient when it comes to qualifying for a mortgage loan with someone that has a lot of student loans on their credit report.

Here are action steps you can take right now to buy a home in Kentucky in 2019


1. Focus on your credit score

FICO credit scores are among the most frequently used credit scores, and range from 350-800 (the higher, the better). A consumer with a credit score of 750 or higher is considered to have excellent credit, while a consumer with a credit score below 620 is considered to have poor credit.

To qualify for a mortgage and get a low mortgage rate, your credit score matters.

Each credit bureau collects information on your credit history and develops a credit score that lenders use to assess your riskiness as a borrower. If you find an error, you should report it to the credit bureau immediately so that it can be corrected.


2. Manage your debt-to-income ratio

Many lenders evaluate your debt-to-income ratio when making credit decisions, which could impact the interest rate you receive.

A debt-to-income ratio is your monthly debt payments as a percentage of your monthly income. Lenders focus on this ratio to determine whether you have enough excess cash to cover your living expenses plus your debt obligations.

Since a debt-to-income ratio has two components (debt and income), the best way to lower your debt-to-income ratio is to:

First Ratio – The first ratio, top ratio or housing ratio. Basically that means out of all the gross monthly income you make, that no more that X percent of it can go to your housing payment. The housing payment consists of Principle, Interest, Taxes and Insurance. Whether you escrow or not every one of these items are factored into your ratio. There are a lot of exceptions to how high you can go, but let’s just say that if your ratio is 33% or less, generally, across the board, you’re safe.

Second Ratio- The second ratio, bottom ratio or debt ratio includes the housing payment, but also adds all of the monthly debts that the borrower has. So, it includes housing payment as well as every other debt that a borrower may have. This would include, Auto loans, credit cards, student loans, personal loans, child support, alimony….basically any consistent outgoing debt that you’re paying on. Again, if you’re paying less than 45% of your gross monthly income to all of the debts, plus your proposed housing payment, then……generally, you’re safe. You can go a lot higher in this area, but there are a lot of caveats when increasing your back ratio.

3. Keep credit utilization low on your credit cards

Lenders also evaluate your credit card utilization, or your monthly credit card spending as a percentage of your credit limit.

Ideally, your credit utilization should be less than 30%. If you can keep it less than 10%, even better.

For example, if you have a $10,000 credit limit on your credit card and spent $3,000 this month, your credit utilization is 30%.

Here are some ways to manage your credit card utilization:
set up automatic balance alerts to monitor credit utilization
ask your lender to raise your credit limit (this may involve a hard credit pull so check with your lender first)
pay off your balance multiple times a month to reduce your credit utilization


4 . Look for down payment assistance in Kentucky

There are various types of down payment assistance, even if you have student loans.

Here are a few:
FHA loans – federal loan through the Federal Housing Authority
USDA loans – zero down mortgages for rural and suburban homeowners
VA loans – if military service
Kentucky Housing Down Payment Assistance of $6000

There are federal, state and local assistance programs as well so be on the look out.
If you want a personalized answer for your unique situation call, text, or email me or visit my website below:

Joel Lobb
Mortgage Loan Officer
Individual NMLS ID #57916

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle
Louisville, KY 40223
Company NMLS ID #1364

click here for directions to our office

Text/call:      502-905-3708
fax:            502-327-9119
email:          kentuckyloan@gmail.com

https://www.mylouisvillekentuckymortgage.com/

Disclaimer: No statement on this site is a commitment to make a loan. Loans are subject to borrower qualifications, including income, property evaluation, sufficient equity in the home to meet Loan-to-Value requirements, and final credit approval. Approvals are subject to underwriting guidelines, interest rates, and program guidelines and are subject to change without notice based on applicant’s eligibility and market conditions. Refinancing an existing loan may result in total finance charges being higher over the life of a loan. Reduction in payments may reflect a longer loan term. Terms of any loan may be subject to payment of points and fees by the applicant Equal Opportunity Lender. NMLS#57916 http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/

Some products and services may not be available in all states. Credit and collateral are subject to approval. Terms and conditions apply. This is not a commitment to lend. Programs, rates, terms and conditions are subject to change without notice. The content in this marketing advertisement has not been approved, reviewed, sponsored or endorsed by any department or government agency. Rates are subject to change and are subject to borrower(s) qualification.

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